Gingivitis is an early stage of gum disease caused by the buildup of plaque. Plaque is a substance made up of bacteria and other microorganisms that cling to the teeth and tissues surrounding the teeth. If not removed, it causes swelling, and if not treated, it can lead to a more severe form of gum disease called periodontitis. This is the major cause of tooth loss in adults.
The good news is there are several effective treatments for gingivitis. Non-surgical treatments are used to control the growth of bacteria and more involved procedures can be used to restore the supportive tissues around the teeth.
Non-surgical treatments start with a professional dental cleaning. When you have a typical dental checkup, our team may perform a professional cleaning that removes plaque and tartar. Tartar may form on the teeth and under the gums. It cannot be removed by brushing and flossing. Once tartar forms, it can only be removed by a professional cleaning. If you have any signs of gum disease, our dentist may recommend more frequent dental cleanings. These dental cleanings are an important preventive measure so that gum disease doesn’t develop.
Scaling is another non-surgical procedure. The built-up plaque and tartar are scraped away on the teeth and under the gums and any rough spots on the teeth are made smooth. The purpose of smoothing any rough spots is to remove any bacteria and create a clean surface where the gums can become reattached.
More involved treatments for gum disease include flap surgery and pocket reduction surgery. There’s also guided tissue regeneration, which is a procedure that stimulates gum and bone tissue growth. This procedure may be combined with flap surgery. It really all depends on the situation, as treatment for gingivitis is not one-size-fits-all.
When you visit our team of professionals at Brevard Smiles, you may learn if you need treatment for your gum issues. For most patients, a non-surgical procedure is sufficient. However, when the gum tissue has deteriorated and receded and cannot be repaired with non-surgical methods, surgery may be the best option. To learn more about the available treatment options, contact us today and book a dental appointment in Indian Harbour Beach or Rockledge.